A reader points me to a convenient brief overview of the Iraq war.
Named Operation Iraqi Freedom, the original military operation lasted a total of three-weeks before Baghdad was captured by U.S. Marines and the core of the Iraqi government was disbanded.
On April 21st, 2003, coalition forces formed what would become known as the Coalition Provisional Authority, which would act as the transitional government before elections could be held. President Bush would then appear on April 1st, 2003 aboard the aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln before a banner stating Mission Accomplished and proclaiming an end to major U.S. combat operations in Iraq, despite having not captured or confirmed the death of Saddam Hussein.
Despite assurances of victory, It soon became clear that the war was not truly over.